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Ultimate Prague: 10 Must-See Attractions

It's certainly not hard to find things to do in the compact city centre of Prague. In fact, the list is so long that we narrowed it down to the absolute must-see's of the Czech capital for those who are on a tight schedule! Whether you want to wander around on your own or prefer a free walking tour, you'll be sure to find monuments a thousand years apart but within 5 to 10 minutes walking distance from each other. Without further ado, here's Freetour.com's ultimate list of must-see attractions in Prague:

 

Astronomical Clock


https://www.flickr.com/photos/aigle_dore/6365120743

Moyan Brenn via Flickr.com


Prague's most popular treasure attracts dozens of people every hour on the hour. Why? Since it was built in 1410, the mechanism itself is quite impressive for its time. Being the third oldest functioning astronomical clock in Europe, it shows time in seven(!) different ways, according to centuries of Czech history. Stop by at the top of the hour throughout the day to see this wonder. A crowd is almost guaranteed, but the experience is worth it. Fun fact: Legend has it, if the clock stops working, a plague will fall upon the city. *Gasp!*

 

Church of Our Lady before Týn


http://www.publicdomainpictures.net/view-image.php?image=15573&picture=tynsky-chram&large=1

Tyn Church via publicdomainpictures.net


Located in Old Town Square, Church of Our Lady before Týn has been the main church of this part of the city since the 14th century and happens to be the most visible attraction between Charles Bridge and Wenceslas Square. It's a wonderful example of medieval Gothic architecture and took exactly 100 years to build! Fun fact: It's home to the Astronomical clock and the two towers on either side aren't identical in size. Believe it or not!

 

Charles University


https://www.flickr.com/photos/elpadawan/8589797763

elPadawan via Flickr.com


Charles University (or the Karolinum) is one the oldest universities in Europe. Although the first university in Central Europe was built in 1348 by King Charles, it stands as a dynamic and cosmopolitan institution of higher education today. More recently, the university has grown, boasting 17 faculties compared to the original four. If you're in town visiting, feel free to pop by the campus for the latest exhibition of contemporary art. Fun fact: Up to this day, if you speak Czech you can get a degree here for free.

 

Old Jewish Cemetery


https://www.flickr.com/photos/kitonlove/3325941136

Charles Hoffman via Flickr.com


One of the most important sights in Prague is the Jewish cemetery, founded in the 15th century and remains the oldest Jewish cemetery in Europe. Many come here to connect with their roots while others come to soak up the history behind this spiritual burial place. This rather small land was actively used for burials over three centuries, explaining the limited space in between gravestones. Fun fact: The oldest grave is dated from 1439, but many archaeologists believe the cemetery to be much older.

 

Old-New Synagogue


https://www.flickr.com/photos/jlascar/4504602778

Jorge Láscar via Flickr.com


The Old New Synagogue is located on Paris Street and is the oldest practising synagogue in Europe. It was built in 1270 and completed as Gothic architecture. Fun fact: Legend has it,  Rabbi Lowe locked away a golem in the attic. The doors can be seen in the picture above.

 

St. James (St. Jacob's) Church


https://www.flickr.com/photos/kitonlove/3325983082

Charles Hoffman via Flickr.com


St James Church is the most unassuming in Old Town. It is so simple and bland on the outside, but once you step through the doors, you get blown away by the beautiful baroque architecture. It was built in the 13th century and has faced a lot of robberies, due to the opulence of its décor. Also. go inside to witness a mummified hand hanging from the ceiling! Fun fact: It is said the hand belongs to one of the thieves who tried stealing from the Holy Mary statue inside the cathedral.

 

Rudolfinum


https://pixabay.com/en/czech-republic-prague-moldova-1279405/

Pixabay.com


Home to the Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, art gallery and a principal venue of the Prague Spring International Music Festival, the Rudolfinum is a neo-renaissance building from 1885 and has seen the likes of most known European classics since its opening night. Rudolfinum holds three main rooms and showcases the sculptures of great composers around its roof. Fun fact: When Prague was occupied by the Nazis, the building was used as an administrative office.

 

Municipal House


https://www.flickr.com/photos/slapers/2089149216

Paul Arps via Flickr.com


Possibly the most beautiful example of Art Nouveau in Prague, the Municipal House was built in 1912 and features a mosaic painted by Alphonse Mucha. It was here that the Czechs signed their independence from the Austro-Hungarian empire and much later, from the Soviet Union. Nowadays, it's used as a ballroom as well as a concert hall where tickets are very affordable. Fun fact: The traditional Czech restaurant inside offers a great menu for hungry travellers on a budget.

Do you have your own list of must-see attractions we missed? Let us know and happy travels!

Aleksandra Koplik